The highly accessible internet not only facilitates the fast communication of information, but also poses new risks to the world, the biggest one being the misinformation that is spread either intentionally or unintentionally.
If this kind of false information is spread virally, it may result in a catastrophic change to a certain individual, organisation or country, or even to the geopolitical landscape of a certain region. This misinformation is known as "digital wildfires", a single spark of which can wreak havoc in the real world via the internet.
A massive 9-magnitude earthquake hit northeastern Japan on March 11, 2011, causing the serious release of radioactive gases around the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant complex. Afterward, fear of nuclear radiation hazards and concern about potential scarcity of daily necessities spurred panic buying in different parts of the world.
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