Myanmar may have democracy but the fight against opium production is just beginning. Second largest producer after Afghanistan.
The UN Office on Drugs and Crime report discussed in the article (South-East Asia Opium Survey 2012 - Lao PDR, Myanmar) available for free download here (pdf).
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UN reports huge rise in Myanmar opium production
Myanmar drug lords have increased the size of opium fields by 17 per cent in the past year, despite claims by the government of successful drug eradication to meet a goal of an opium-free country ...
Myanmar drug gangs will harvest and process 690 tonnes of opium in 2012... That would produce 69 tonnes of heroin, which Myanmar-based drug gangs export to the world, mostly through Thailand and China ...
In areas where opium was grown, there was "a toxic combination of guns, money and drugs ...
Production also rose substantially in Laos.
In Thailand however, the already minuscule fields of 217 hectares (1,356 rai) were reduced in size ... to 1,300 rai
It was the sixth consecutive year of growth in opium production [in Myanmar] ...
... Myanmar is the world's second largest producer of opium after Afghanistan, growing and processing 25 per cent of the entire world's crop. But it gets worse.
In 1999, the government set the goal of becoming opium-free by 2014, an outcome that seems unlikely - unless there is a crackdown on drug lords, as well as in the regions of the Shan and Kachin minorities, where most opium is grown, and drug gangs shelter ...
(Source: Bangkok Post, Local News, UN reports huge rise in Myanmar opium production, 1/11/2012, BangkokPost.com, link)
Drug Eradication Vocabulary
opium - a powerful illegal drug made from the leaves of the poppy (See Wikipedia)
opium-free - without opium, no opium exists
opium-free country - a country without opium production
drugs - 1. illegal drugs; 2. legal drugs that doctors give people to cure disease ยา, คนติดยาเสพย์ติด (See Wikipedia)
trade - the buying and selling of goods การค้าขาย
illegal drug trade - the buying and selling of illegal drugs การค้าขายยาเสพย์ติด (See Wikipedia)
drug lord - a powerful criminal or "godfather" who controls a gang dealing in drugs: "a person who controls a sizable network of persons involved in the illegal drug trade. Such figures are often difficult to bring to justice, as they might never be directly in possession of something illegal, but are insulated from the actual trade in drugs by several layers of underlings. The prosecution of drug lords is therefore usually the result of carefully planned infiltrations of their networks, often using informants from within the organization" (See Wikipedia)
Myanmar drug lords
eradication - completely ending and destroying something การทำลาย, การถอนรากถอนโคน, การกำจัด
claims by the government of successful drug eradication to meet a goal of an opium-free country
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime - "established to assist the UN in better addressing a coordinated, comprehensive response to the interrelated issues of illicit trafficking in and abuse of drugs, crime prevention and criminal justice, international terrorism, and political corruption. These goals are pursued through three primary functions: research, guidance and support to governments in the adoption and implementation of various crime-, drug-, terrorism-, and corruption-related conventions, treaties and protocols, as well as technical/financial assistance to said governments to face their respective situations and challenges in these fields. These are the main themes that UNODC deals with: Alternative Development, Corruption, Criminal Justice, Prison Reform and Crime Prevention, Drug Prevention, -Treatment and Care, HIV and AIDS, Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling, Money Laundering, Organized Crime, Piracy, Terrorism Prevention" (See Wikipedia)
harvest - gathering fully grown crops from the field เก็บเกี่ยว การเก็บเกี่ยวผลผลิต
process - a series of actions that you take in order to achieve a result แนวทางปฏิบัติ, กระบวน, วิธีการ
drug gangs will harvest and process 690 tonnes of opium in 2012
toxic - 1. something that is dangerous and harmful; 2. poisonous มีพิษ,เป็นพิษ
combination - the mixture you get when two or more things are combined การรวมกัน
a toxic combination of guns, money and drugs ...
substantially - by a large amount
rose substantially - increased by a large amount
production also rose substantially in Laos.
miniscule - a very very small amount
the already minuscule fields of 217 hectares (1,356 rai)
consecutive - happening one after another; following one after another in order อย่างต่อเนื่อง ติดต่อกัน ที่ต่อเนื่องตามลำดับ
the sixth consecutive year of growth
producer - ผู้ผลิต
the world's second largest producer of opium
But it gets worse.... - meaning: you just read the good part, the bad part is next ...
outcome - a result; the situation that exists at the end of an activity or event ผล
outcome seems unlikely
becoming opium-free by 2014, an outcome that seems unlikely
crackdown - strong official action to punish lawbreakers การปราบปรามขั้นเด็ดขาด การใช้กำลังเข้าปราบปรามของเจ้าหน้าที่
crackdown on drug lords
minorities - ethnic minorities, a group of people who haev something in common (a common name, common heritage, a common culture, a shared language or dialect, common ancestry) ชนกลุ่มน้อย (See Wikipedia)
Shan and Kachin minorities
shelter - (verb) getting protection from harm; (noun) a place where people are protected form danger or bad weather ที่หลบภัย ที่พักชั่วคราว
shelter drug gangs